Culiacan in the sights of the drug ….
March 10th 2012 · 0 Comments
Culiacan is not only one of the most violent cities in the world by the world ranking of the Citizen Council for Public Safety and Criminal Justice, AC, but in the war that support the drug cartels.
Since 2008 it has remained one of the busiest places in the struggle to defend the territory and thus their contribution to the funeral statistics also placed among the top contributing its share of death.
The murder of five members of The anthrax, belonging to the Sinaloa cartel, on Wednesday February 22 in Colonia Guadalupe Victoria in Culiacan, was a fact that confirms official statistics from the danger of the capital of Sinaloa.
Spaces converted into a war zone from the rivalry between crime groups seeking control of places and drug trafficking routes, as in other regions of the republic that are home to major drug cartels.
According to the document entitled Deaths due Alleged Rivalry Delinquency 2011, prepared by the PGR, Culiacan is one of seven cities in Mexico where the number of murders resulting from the struggle between rival drug groups recorded at least one case per day: Juarez leads with 206 thousand executions, followed by Acapulco to 795, with 476 Torreon, Chihuahua with 402, with 399 Monterrey, and Culiacan Durango with 390 to 365.
But given the statistics from the state environment, Sinaloa is placed in fourth position with 100 thousand murders. Chihuahua remains “honors” with 2 000 285 cases, followed by Guerrero and Nuevo Leon 1.535 thousand 133.
The dispute over the seat has become recurrent in the mobile police parties after a slaughter took place, which led to the PGR to reclassify the statistics of homicides in the country, so that from January to September 2011, by rivalry criminal, were killed 12 000 903 people in a total of 844 municipalities, which include Culiacán.
But from the beginning of 2008, the year he broke the drug war in Mexico, Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Guerrero, Durango and Tamaulipas, mainly because they brought an upward trend in the commission of organized crime killings.
Sinaloa recorded in January of that year 41 murders and Chihuahua 46. But it was not until May that things started to spiral out of control and the number of executions linked to criminal rivalry were exceeding the hundred: Chihuahua and Sinaloa to 189 to 104. Since then the sums are in the hundreds, particularly in those two entities.
With regard to Sinaloa, Culiacan remains the hottest place with its 365 executed, one day, followed by 92 Mazatlan, Sinaloa to the other city is among the most violent in the world.
Thus, the fight for places between groups antagonistic drug remains in terror to cities or regions that are considered territories of any particular cartel, Culiacan hence is installed in the elite of violence from any edge to be analyzed execution statistics.
When consulted by Ríodoce, Dr. Gonzalo Hernandez Armienta, professor and researcher at the Autonomous University of Sinaloa, believes this is a phenomenon of organized crime, where the number of homicides is just to win the place in dispute.
“We still do not see signs of narco-terrorism as it is living in Mexico, because these criminal groups are not focused on attacking the system in place to seize it, no, terrorism is fight against the system and in this case organized crime not interested in that fight, but have their own strategies but to win markets and that is what causes so much violence there. ”
The doctor in constitutional and international law considers that a par with all this disorder appears very disjointed action of the Government, without any kind of intelligence, and only banging going where it should not: “What this entails is that the cancer follow expanding, the expansion of this cancer has been the result of that struggle disorganized state and federal authorities. ”
Disputes, squares, leaders
According to the Interior Ministry in the fight for places has been the Pacific cartel the busiest in the face bloody episodes against the Juarez Cartel, the Beltran Leyva, Gulf Cartel and Los Zetas. But La Familia Michoacana has played spaces with the Gulf Cartel, Los Zetas and the Beltran Leyva, while the Gulf Cartel and Los Zetas have engaged in a bloody war since their separation.
For the Interior Ministry, among the most violent states in the country are Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon, Baja California and Michoacán. All strategic points in the drug trade.
And Sinaloa is considered the cradle of drug trafficking, Juarez is considered by the National Security Cabinet as the output port of drugs into the United States more strategic. Hence they are two of the squares submitted by the cartels.
According to the Rewards Program PGR, some leaders mentioned in these regions are Juan Jose Esparragoza, Blu, which has its area of operation in Culiacan, Sinaloa and Guadalajara, Jalisco, and belongs to the Pacific cartel.
Ivan Velazquez Caballero, aka the Taliban operating in the southeast of the Republic for the organization of the Zetas, which is lieutenant in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas.
Alberto Héctor Beltrán Leyva, H, is the current leader of the Beltran Leyva. Vicente Carrillo Fuentes, the Viceroy, leads in the north to the Carrillo-Fuentes organization.
Joaquin Guzman Loera, El Chapo, operates in most of the country and abroad for the Sinaloa cartel and is considered the main leader of the criminal organization.
Heriberto Lazcano, the Lazca, operates in the north of the country as a leader of Los Zetas, along with Miguel Angel Moreno Trevino, the Z-40.
Ismael Zambada Garcia, Mayo, operates in Culiacan, Sinaloa, Sonora, Chihuahua and Yucatan to the Pacific cartel.
The Government sees the Sinaloa Cartel and Los Zetas criminal groups more dangerous in the country, while for the Department of the Treasury of the United States, one lord, Joaquin El Chapo Guzman is the most powerful in the world.
Speeches against bullets
While the official discourse, both federal and state, grows in the idea that violence is diminished, the numbers are overwhelming in the severity of the problem, keeping a handful of cities and organizations like the most dangerous and violent in the country and the planet.
Although Gov. Mario Lopez Valdez continues to insist that not only crime has slowed, but has fallen, is who President Felipe Calderon continues to brag about, as it did on 20 February on the anniversary of Army, where he noted that criminal violence has begun to give way and that during his administration have captured 22 of the 37 most dangerous criminals have been arrested at 180 regional leaders of the cartels, seized more than 140 000 weapons and over 13 billion pesos.
In this regard, Dr. Armienta Hernandez points out: “They are located in certain bosses and grab one that is supposedly a boss and say it’s a success and maybe was a person who was a small link in a chain much larger. How many times do not say, hold on to the second Chapo, of Mayo, and how many seconds are there?, This with eagerness to say that it’s working (the strategy) and the truth is not working. ”
While the official discourse of governments begin to generalize the idea that crime is going down, the levels of violence in Mexico remain high, hence the 2 000 440 municipalities, 269 thousand have been impacted by drug trafficking, and in accordance with the Presidency of the Republic the official death toll that has made Sinaloa drug is 5 000 487, only during the administration of Felipe Calderón. Of these, 2 000 255 have occurred in Culiacan, surpassed only by Juarez with its 7 000 643 executions. The national total in five years, to January 12, 2012, is 47 000 515 murders, just to the dispute between rival groups.
Thus, Sinaloa, and particularly Culiacan, has remained among the elite of state violence, national and global levels, resisting the governor’s speech Mario Lopez Valdez to make this the best place to live.
Cities with at least one run per day in the fight for places in Mexico.
Executed City State Position
1.206 Juarez Chihuahua 1
795 Acapulco Guerrero 2
Torreon Coahuila 476 3
402 Chihuahua Chihuahua 4
Monterrey Nuevo Leon 399 5
390 Durango Durango 6
Culiacan Sinaloa 365 7
The drug is not the center
For the professor of the UAS, Dr. Gonzalo Hernandez Armienta, the anti-crime fight must go beyond drug trafficking, but has focused its sights only to fight against this phenomenon: “No Longer aside organized crime, other crimes have been increasing, not mean you should ignore the fight against drugs, but not the only, and I think there are more important as it struggles against kidnapping, robbery, insecurity in the evenings. Although the drug is present, but in itself is not the problem, the problem is insecurity, is a broader issue and have completely neglected. “
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