Shorty takes over Peru, there are no limits to the Sinaloa cartel
February 22nd 2012 · 1 Comment
In recent years, the Sinaloa cartel is installed in Peru in search of new routes for the smuggling of drugs, increasing the presence of Sinaloa in that territory, even in its jails.
At the beginning of the last decade, Mexican cartels noted that the U.S. government orchestrated a plan to introduce their forces and tactical intelligence to Colombia, mainly to reduce planting and movement of cocaine from that country to the United States and around the world.
It was not many years for the White House and the DEA achieve their mission and in 2011 he was finally achieved goal: Colombia was no longer the leading supplier of coca in the world … the operation was “successful.”
Yet rather than fix their problem, we generated a phenomenon known as “balloon effect”, which while tightening a region hard, the problem moves to a neighboring part, but without solving the conflict.
It is precisely this phenomenon that the Government of Peru has seen in recent years how, little by little, the region was becoming a major exporter of cocaine in the world, thus exceeding Colombia in that category.
Peruvian Prime Minister himself, Salomon Lerner, has publicly stated that he feels “ashamed” that Peru is identified as the largest exporter of coca, so the government of President Ollanta Humala “has months developing strategies to reduce planting coca in the coca zones of that country. ”
However, the Peruvian government did not have the presence of the Sinaloa cartel, which gradually increased in that country, the degree of control and 70 percent of its territory, even cohabit with groups like Shining Path, which according to the National Police of Peru, provides protection for farmers who work for the operators of Joaquin Chapo Guzman and Ismael Zambada on May.
“Obviously it’s a serious situation because they have different ways of working and working the Colombian cartels and is something that the Peruvian government has struggled to decipher,” said Dario Hurtado Cardenas, director of the Border Police of Peru (PNP) .
Prisons are still populating while Mexican drug traffickers are arrested trying to take their drug shipments to Mexico to distribute them from there to other parts of the world, generating a climate of violence that slowly begins to be felt in Lima and other cities that country.
Such has been the influx of Mexicans arrested that the government there is considering all native to this country that wants to enter Peru, processed before a visa to see what businesses carry it there.
While planting the coca plant is growing and neither the U.S. government interference, nor the efforts of the Government of Peru seem to cease production, from 2011, made Peru the largest exporter of coca in the world Sinaloa cartel and its main operator.
Sendero Luminoso, the armed wing of the Sinaloa cartel
Dario Hurtado Cardenas, director of the National Border Police of Peru and former drug czar in the country, explained how the Sinaloa cartel has financed the terrorist group Sendero Luminoso to provide protection to the farmers who produce and transport cocaine in certain regions .
“This we have seen mainly in the basins of the Huallaga Valley and the VRAE, where this group operates, and where we believe the Sinaloa cartel is busiest,” Hurtado said in a telephone interview Cardenas Ríodoce.
The general said that they felt this presence increased in the last four or five years, and since then, who coordinate the Sinaloa cartel forces have established all kinds of contacts for their operations and implement the logistics of drug trafficking.
“Unlike the Colombian cartels, the Sinaloa have been difficult for its diversity, as the drug while a sow, others reap, others move from one place to another, others move to big cities, others take the country, and behind it are those who coordinate all that are responsible for financing, so it is hard to beat this organization because it clings to a week already and another in his place, “said the police chief.
According to the National Penitentiary Institute of Peru, two Mexican prisoners who were in all of Peru until 2007, the figure soared to 109 by January 31, 2012 and at least 13 percent of those accused of crimes related to drug trafficking.
“In 2008, 10 were admitted in 2009 were 6, in 2010 reached 31, and in 2011 was arrested 30 more,” explained the spokeswoman for that office, Janeth Sanchez in a statement sent to the newsroom.
Cardenas Hurtado explained that throughout Peru can feel the presence of Mexicans, but that does not mean that they all engage in activities derived from drug trafficking, but many can go on business legal, but it is undeniable that many of others go because they have some link with the world of drug trafficking.
“And we have seen that companies that are believed to launder money begin to appear, as it surely occurs worldwide, and is something that the Government of Peru investigates,” Hurtado said Cardenas.
As a way to control the problem, the Peruvian authorities sought strategies to dismantle the drug trafficking mechanisms of some Mexican cartels, particularly the Sinaloa cartel, and the first thing they did was go squarely against the Shining Path leader in the valley Huallaga, Artemio, who was last arrested on February 12 the National Police of Peru, however, no “coordinator” of the Sinaloa cartel may be apprehended in this operation.
Coca, the big business
According to data from the United Nations Organization, the cost of a kilo of cocaine in the Peruvian jungle is estimated at $ 350. Once the drug in the United States totaled $ 28 000, while in Europe arrives reach 60 thousand dollars.
These skyrocketing costs have made Peru the biggest exporter of cocaine in the world, though not necessarily in the main producer, who remains Colombia, according to the National Office for Drug Control of the United States.
“Colombia remains the largest coca farmer, but Peru has become the leading producer of heroin potential worldwide,” said Gil Kerlikowske, director of the Office of National Drug Control United States.
In a statement released by that agency to Ríodoce explains that the potential production capacity that had Peru in 2011 was 325 metric tons of cocaine, while Colombia were only 270.
Rivera Jaime Antezana, a specialist in coca cultivation and drug trafficking, illegal, and professor of the Institute of International Studies at the Catholic University of Peru, said that Peru was slowly climbing steps in the cultivation of the coca plant, for sowing only 38 thousand hectares in 2000, reached the 61 000 200 in 2010.
“We are at a stage in Peru produced 3.1 metric tons of cocaine per hectare per year, which is devastating,” said the specialist.
This situation, according to Antezana and others, has been the product of the great pressure exerted on Colombia United States to control the planting of coca in the region, which would have caused the “balloon effect”, as they call the experts as drug dealers moved from Colombia to Peru, to the strong presence of U.S. forces in Colombia.
Currently the three largest producers of coca in the world are Colombia, Peru and Bolivia, although the three Peru is the main supplier, since although the Colombian plant more coca in that country confiscate half of the drug, which is not true in Peru.
“What happens is that Peru lacks a counter-narcotics strategy, as does Colombia, which means that if they (Colombia) process ten tons of cocaine, for instance, the government will seize six, while in Peru produce seven tons and the government says only one, so that is where it ends Peru of getting more drugs, “said Guillermo Galdos, Peruvian journalist, correspondent for the BBC.
The final consensus was always the same: the Sinaloa cartel has controlled the territory with the greatest potential.
“That group is very good for business and it seems like they’re everywhere,” he said Galdos, who a couple of weeks was in Culiacan to work a story about the city that “many know as the birthplace of narco.”
ROUTES OF EVIL
For the cocaine comes from their places of origin in Peru, Colombia and Bolivia, to North America, must first pass through Central America to poison thousands of people, hundreds of police bribe and kill dozens of people, not to mention the arrests.
This was emphasized at the time by the former Ambassador of Mexico to the UN, Jorge Montano, who mentioned that only in 2010 were committed more than 6 000 500 homicides in Guatemala derived from drug trafficking.
In Costa Rica took place 53 000 689 drug arrests and weapons, the Ministry of Security of the country. From these statements to date, has not changed much.
Central America, the death row, is the victim of major drug trafficking organizations in Mexico.
According to a map prepared by Stratfor, much of the cocaine shipments move through three routes. The first from Colombia by air to El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala, where it is introduced to Mexico by land via Chiapas, Oaxaca and Guerrero.
The second route goes through the Pacific and arrived in Mexico via Acapulco and the port of Lazaro Cardenas, where the drug is forwarded to Puerto Vallarta, Mazatlan and Culiacan.
The third is on the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, from Colombia, Venezuela and Brazil. Get to the Mexican cities of Veracruz and Cancun. And from there, mainly to the United States, the great market, where by magic drug distributed without any problems. Or almost.
* With information from the Commerce of Peru, InfoSur of Costa Rica and the U.S. agency Stratfor.
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